Fairy tales, Fantasy and optimism

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Fairy tales, Fantasy and optimism

Postby Aventia » 16 Nov 2011 17:12

Fairy tales, Fantasy and optimism

Films like "Harry Potter " or "The Lord of the Rings " lure millions people into the movies. From where comes this fantasy fever in a sober-enlightened time ? How can it be, that the same young people which protests against the Iraq war are inspired by the battles of "The Lord of the Rings" ? Archaic instincts, fair wars - does the success of the such Fantasy stories demonstrate that there is only a legitimate place for it: thick novels and monumental motion picture films ?

Is Fantasy only an unjovial cellar space of the human soul, an archaic retreat area in the undepths of the mind where monsters, knights, magicians, demons and witches get her mercy bread and themselves the person to the relaxation or dispersion flees - amazing indeed, but not of the serious employment solemnly?

JRR Tolkien contradicts such surmises energetically: "fantasize", he wrote in his essay written in 1939 ? On Fairy stories " (about fairy tale), ? is a natural human activity. It on no account destroys or offends the reason, and just as little it curtails the desire for scientific knowledge or darkens the truth. On the contrary: The more clearly and sharper the reason, the better imagination produces them... Since the creative imagination founds in the austere knowledge that the things in this world are in such a way as they appear in the light of the sun; she founds in the acknowledgment of the actual, however, not in the enslavement by the same. "

While fantasizing it is for Tolkien just not about bare mythological inventing in the aerial-empty space. Pedantically he requires an internal Stimmigkeit of the history, knocks on the logical logic of the action and then asks which spiritual pictures they wake with the listener. Thus it is absolutely possible, for example and even relatively easy to create the green sun. For a fairy tale this is determined too little. If one wants to create the green sun, one must also create a whole universe in which the green sun is still compellingly necessary plausibly, better. That's why he does not want to recognize many fairy tales as a fairy tale in the real sense. The histories are too short-winded to him. a " Thin soup " which, too fast from the stove taken, only one easy morality wants to dish up, but not properly is full.

In fantasizing the author becomes similar to God. A history is like the second creation, not perfectly, but with him her being inherent possibility to comfort the person in a deep way. The consolation is even the noblest character of a good, entire fairy tale. But he may not be mistaken for a cheap "happy end" with which everything resolves in pleasure. Instead of this Tolkien introduces the concept of the Eukatastrophe, the " good disaster ". The consolation of the fairy tale, the joy at the happy exit or, more properly, the good disaster, the sudden idiom to the good (then no fairy tale has a real end) ... is a sudden and miraculous mercy: on her repetition never is to be counted. She does not deny the existence of the Dyskatastrophe, the suffering and failing, because their possibility is the condition for the joy of the redemption. She denies ... the final, all-embracing defeat. " Is Heroic-Fantasy only for optimists?
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Postby Guest » 16 Nov 2011 17:13

Is heroic fantasy for optimist? In the context of Tolkien's world, that's clear. I reproduce here a portion of the poem Tolkien wrote to C. S. Lewis after their long conversation in 1929, explaining to him why myths are not "lies breathed through silver" but deep theological revelations, indeed anticipations of the one story which became history, the one myth which became fact:

The heart of man is not compound of lies,
but draws some wisdom from the only Wise, and still recalls Him.
Though now long estranged
Man is not wholly lost nor wholly changed.
Disgraced he may be, yet is not dethroned,
and keeps the rags of lordship once he owned:
Man, Sub-creator, the refracted Light
through whom is splintered from a single White to many hues,
and endlessly combined in living shapes that move from mind to mind.
Though all the crannies of the world we filled with Elves and Goblins,
though we dared to build Gods and their houses
out of dark and light and sowed the seeds of dragons—'twas our right (used or misused).
That right has not decayed: we make still by the law in which we're made.

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